the amino acids are substances whose molecules are
formed by a carboxyl group and an amino group. About
twenty amino acids are the essential elements of proteins.
When two amino acids establish a combination within a cell,
a reaction occurs between the carboxyl group and the amino group of the
other. Thus a H2O molecule is released and a peptide
bond is formed: what remains of both amino acids gives rise to a dipeptide. The
union of a third amino acid generates a tripeptide. As amino
acids are added, different peptides are created (that is, different molecules
created by the binding of amino acids through peptide bonds).
The extensive chain of amino acids thus related is called a polypeptide. If
the polypeptide has an already defined three-dimensional stable structure and
its molecular mass is more than 5,000 amu, the polypeptide is
known as a protein.
It is worth mentioning that the carboxyl group is attached to the amino group
through the same carbon (the alpha carbon). A
chain whose structure varies (the side chain) and a
hydrogen are attached to said carbon, generating the different amino acids. The
variety of side chains causes multiple types of amino acids to exist.
In short, an amino acid is made up of the alpha carbon to which a carboxyl
group, an amino group, a side chain and a hydrogen are attached. The amino acids
that are obtained through food are essential amino
acids, such as lysine, leucine and arginine. The
amino acids that the body can synthesize on its own, however, are the non-essential
amino acids: tyrosine, glycine, glutamic
acid and others.
Based on all the above, we can understand to some extent the value of amino
acids. However, let us focus a little more exposing these are the main reasons
for that are so vital:
He responsible for optimizing the best possible storage building blocks for the
body such as vitamins, proteins, water, fats …
-They proceed to transport nutrients.
-They are also essential elements against aging, osteoporosis, cholesterol or
even diabetes, for example.
Among the most relevant amino acids that are worth considering, due to the
important role they play are these:
-Leucine. Increases the production of what is growth hormone, reduces blood
sugar levels and improves healing.
-Alanine, which manages to significantly strengthen the immune system.
-Cysteine, which facilitates recovery after undergoing surgery or having
suffered a burn. In the same way, it delays aging.
-Taurine, which has the important service of regulating what is the mood. In the
same way, it proceeds to reduce what is body fat, to improve the production of
melanin and even to fight against certain adverse situations. These include
anything from a significant drop in libido to severe headaches or depression.
-Glutamine. Of this amino acid we can highlight that it is not only the most
present in what are the muscles but it serves to prevent the wear and tear of
these as well as to improve the digestive system.