the word amoral is an adjective that can be applied to a person or
to a work carried out by someone. When the term refers to an
individual, it is presented to him as devoid of moral sense. On
the other hand, when it is applied to a work (generally with an artistic
profile), it is said that its purpose does not pursue a moral end.
The term is formed with the prefix "A" which means against, and the word
"moral", from this union amoral which means "non-moral" follows and refers to
those individuals who act differently than the social group of which they are a
part considers correct.
A person is said to be immoral when he goes against the laws
that limit acts within what is correct and that he does certain things knowing
that they are bad. That is, he thinks or acts differently from what the
social group to which he belongs considers as adequate. An amoral
conduct is neither morally desirable nor object of censorship, since it is
considered from external parameters in relation to morality.
It is important, however, not to confuse between the amoral and the immoral. Immoral
action is directly opposed to morality and good customs. That is, it is bad and
wrong behavior. An amoral person, on the other hand, lacks morality, so she
cannot judge her acts as good, bad, correct or incorrect.
Amorality is usually defended by Taoism, which considers
that morality corrupts humanity since it forces man to perform good actions when
he has not been prepared for that purpose and prohibits him from performing evil
acts even when he requires experimenting to understand the repercussion reached
by each one of his acts.
For this reason, for Taoists, morality violates the nature of the human being
and is born out of mistrust and fear of neighbor. According to this
philosophical conception, humanity should not be subject to laws that
govern or condition its behavior.
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At this point it is necessary to establish the differences between ethics
and morals. Ethics, as defined by Aristotle (despite being an older
concept), is related to the way of being and character. It
refers to the set of customs, character and disposition of man in life. That is,
the way of life in the deepest sense of the word. While the concept of morality
is linked to the relationship that exists between customs and norms. That is,
the way in which people act according to the rules that govern that society.
The use of the term moral as a noun (written in lowercase)
refers to a set of precepts and prohibitions that make up the collective human
system at a certain time. Morality reflects a specific lifestyle. When used as a
noun (lowercase), it refers to someone's personal code of conduct. The
moral code is the number of acts that govern the life of a person. It contains
his convictions and guidelines of conduct and is what allows him to make moral
judgments around his actions and those of others. It can also be used as a noun
but with a capital letter to refer to the science that studies human actions in
terms of goodness and malice.
There is an expression that is: "to have very high morale" or "to be high in
morale" where the term refers to the mood, it refers to the
fact that a person has the strength or courage to do a certain thing. At this
point we can say that morality is not only a knowledge or a duty but also
involves an attitude towards circumstances.
When we refer to the moral as a neutral gender, we are
talking about an inherent facet of human life that consists of decision-making
and the need to structure our actions.
A moral act is the action carried out by a person when evaluated from
moral criteria. To give an example, attending a gathering of friends
is not an act that can be considered bad, however if the person who participates
in it must be working instead of being there, it is considered a morally bad
Nicolás Machiavelli, according to the ideas he has expressed, has become a synonym
for amoral, because his policies attempt against moral criteria, that
is, the set of beliefs and mandates that are considered correct.