The etymological origin of the word friendship could not be
accurately determined. There are those who affirm that it comes from the Latin amicus
which in turn derived from amore ("to love"). However,
other scholars affirm that friend is a Greek word made up of a ("without")
and ego ("I"), so friend would mean "without
my self". In any case, friendship is an affective relationship
between two people and one of the most common interpersonal bonds that
most human beings have throughout their lives.
friendship involves various feelings, where one friend goes to the other in
search of trust, love, comfort, respect and company,
for example. These relationships occur at all stages of life, although with
different degrees of importance and significance. It is said that there are
friendships that are born within a few minutes of beginning a relationship, and
others that can take years to consolidate.
When speaking of a friend, reference is made to that person who not only
shares with you the best moments of your life but also the worst. More
precisely, it is considered that precisely someone demonstrates their friendship
when they are together with that friend who is going through illnesses, losses,
grief, a sentimental breakdown, a serious economic situation...
Precisely this is what serves to make clear the difference between friend and
acquaintance, since there are many people who tend to confuse both terms. Thus,
the acquaintance is that individual who is present in your life but only at
certain moments, not the one who is by your side when you have a hard time or
when you need a shoulder to cry on.
Throughout the history of cinema, art, literature or television, we have been
told great stories of friendship, such as the one that Miguel de Cervantes
captured between his nobleman Don Quixote and his ever faithful Sancho
Panza. And the same thing happens with the two of the most famous characters of
the English writer Arthur Conan Doyle: Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson.
In the case of the small screen we have the series "Friends", which as its
title says, revolves around the relationships established between six friends in
their thirties living in the United States.
On the other hand, in the cinema we find the film entitled "Friendship". The
great filmmaker Steven Spielberg was the one who directed the same film that
brings us closer to a real case: the riot in 1839 of more than fifty black
slaves who traveled on board the ship “La Amistad”.
Friendship relationships can even exist between two different species. For
this reason it is said that the dog is the "best friend
of man ", in reference to the affective bond that can be established
between a homo sapiens and this animal.
Among the components that form a friendship, it can be mentioned the pleasure
of sharing activities, mutual understanding, sympathy, sincerity and interest
and concern for the other.
It should be noted that, sometimes, physical presence is not an indispensable
condition for friendship. That is why there are numerous friendships developed by
correspondence or, currently, through the Internet.